• Knowing Right From Wrong

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    Both they and their opponents, however, are wrong if they suppose that ethical studies, as understood by intuitionists and post-intuitionists, can have no, or negligible, importance for moral questions. 2 G. Insofar as the humanity in ourselves must be treated as an end in itself in this second positive sense, it must be cultivated, developed or fully actualized. There are a number of issues about the relationship between morality and law in a (pluralistic, secular) democracy like the United States.
  • Thoreau's Living Ethics: Walden and the Pursuit of Virtue

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    Consider cause and effect in the deepest possible sense. He uses it to put forward an ethical thesis which would now be accepted by many people: the thesis that it does not make any difference to a man's responsibility for something that he foresaw, that he felt no desire for it, either as an end or as a means to an end. To that end, scholars and deep thinkers are to consider all the evidence and come up with a framework. Engels, and other exponents of the so-called "materialistic interpretation of history", all moral, religious, juridical and philosophical concepts are but the reflex of the economical conditions of society in the minds of men.
  • Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide

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    Before I finish I want to say one other thing about unanimity and convergence. No.� What you �want� is compelled on you by forces outside yourself (Nature, an Addiction, a Tyrant, Hypnosis, etc.)� One is assigned wants by nature; one does not choose them freely.� If I could �choose� my wants, then I would choose to want to exercise and eat healthy food.� As it happens, I want to lay around the house and eat pasta in a cream sauce. 2.
  • Working Ethically in Child Protection

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    An end in the first positive sense is a thing we will to produce or bring about in the world. We can use a philosophical stance to gain the perspective needed to say 'yes' to all of life, both its rosy path of ineffable joys and a blackened trail of tears. Were this all that (2) alleges, the claim that there are dramatic differences between (1) and (2) might seem questionable. Are the terms 'Ethics' and 'Moral Philosophy' different in extension as terms in philosophy?
  • An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation

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    Punishment will cause and deter a wrongdoer, by some kind of distress, pain, or inconvenience, to avoid doing wrong again in the future. And how does our answer to this question affect how we should act in everyday life? It follows from this that different societies have different values. What or who imposes moral duties upon us? According to Piaget (1965), children construct and reconstruct their knowledge of the world through interactions with the environment.
  • Moral Science: Or, The Philosophy of Obligation

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    Yet in 1997 the developing countries spent three times more on buying arms than they would have needed to guarantee their children a basic education. While good morals represent correct and upright conduct, ethics act more as guidelines. But it is plausible that this purportedly definitional claim is better thought of as a corollary of Scanlon’s particular version of the general schema, with endorsement understood as non-rejection.
  • 'KIERKEGAARD'S WRITINGS, XIII: THE CORSAIR AFFAIR AND

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    If `what is unjust' is determined by consideration of whether it is right to do so‑and‑so in such‑and‑such circumstances, then the question whether it is `right' to commit injustice can't arise, just because `wrong' has been built into the definition of injustice. But full-blown philosophical theorising harbours a darker side. We can see what it amounts to by considering an example. This is not a trivial category -- but it is also not the whole of Kant's ethics. And Broad, by refusing to engage in these traditional endeavours and devoting himself instead to enquiries of a historical and analytical kind, was showing himself an honest man.
  • How Skeptics Do Ethics: A Brief History of the Late Modern

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    The disciple of Socrates, Plato (427-347 B. I am determined to make all efforts to reconcile and resolve all conflicts, however small." "Furthermore, abandoning lying, the disciple of the noble ones abstains from lying. Let him try to claim, when there are no victims to pay for it, that a rock is a house, that sand is clothing, that food will drop into his mouth without cause or effort, that he will collect a harvest tomorrow by devouring his stock seed today—and reality will wipe him out, as he deserves; reality will show him that life is a value to be bought and that thinking is the only coin noble enough to buy it.
  • Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life: Introductory Readings in

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    If a learner's dispositions fall more toward one of the extremes in one or another relevant range of behavior, moral educators should encourage the learner to aim more towards the opposite extreme until the right balance is achieved. The first is that championed by 17th century German philosopher Samuel Pufendorf, who classified dozens of duties under three headings: duties to God, duties to oneself, and duties to others.
  • Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction

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    The pursuit of goods for others is altruism. Notice that the sort of ignorance Aristotle is willing to regard as exculpatory is always of lack of awareness of relevant particulars. Women's involvement in sports has increased dramatically recently. Everyone human being on the planet carries with them a moral philosophy of some sort. These are a few of the many actual duties, or at least what we regard as such, which obviously fall into two classes on the one principle that we have laid down.